What is Artemisia?
The plant Artemisia annua is also known as annual wormwood, which grows into a human-sized bush in summer and thrives in our temperate climate. There are more than a total of 300 Artemisia species in the world. The one we are talking about here is a subspecies of Artemisia, which is since 2000 years a well-known and frequently used medicinal agent in China.
Which substances does artemisia contain?
Artemisia is a well-researched plant. Till these days there are 245 phytochemical substances in artemisia have been successfully isolated and documented. Artemisinin is just one of them. Furthermore, plenty of polyphenols have been also found in the artemisia plants, which serves as a remedy for maintaining health and well-being.
What is the effect of artemisinin?
Artemisinin contains a chemically stable peroxide, which is, according to the basic rules of chemistry, simply not possible to exist. Once encountered by high concentrations of iron, artemisinin becomes unstable and its peroxide is rapidly cleaved into aggressive free radicals, which damage biological macromolecules of the surrounding cells (such as cells of the malaria parasite or cancer cells) within no time.